Installing Airgapped Omni

A tutorial on installing Omni in an airgapped environment.


DNS server NTP server TLS certificates Installed on machine running Omni

  • genuuid
    • Used to generate a unique account ID for Omni.
  • Docker
    • Used for running the suite of applications
  • Wireguard
    • Used by Siderolink


Gathering Dependencies

In this package, we will be installing:

  • Gitea
  • Keycloak
  • Omni

To keep everything organized, I am using the following directory structure to store all the dependencies and I will move them to the airgapped network all at once.

NOTE: The empty directories will be used for the persistent data volumes when we deploy these apps in Docker.

├── certs
├── gitea
├── keycloak
├── omni
└── registry

Generate Certificates

TLS Certificates

This tutorial will involve configuring all of the applications to be accessed via https with signed .pem certificates generated with certbot. There are many methods of configuring TLS certificates and this guide will not cover how to generate your own TLS certificates, but there are many resources available online to help with this subject if you do not have certificates already.

Omni Certificate

Omni uses etcd to store the data for our installation and we need to give it a private key to use for encryption of the etcd database.

  1. First, Generate a GPG key.
gpg --quick-generate-key "Omni (Used for etcd data encryption)" rsa4096 cert never

This will generate a new GPG key pair with the specified properties.

What’s going on here?

  • quick-gnerate-key allows us to quickly generate a new GPG key pair. -"Omni (Used for etcd data encryption)" is the user ID associated with the key which generally consists of the real name, a comment, and an email address for the user.
  • rsa4096 specifies the algorithm type and key size.
  • cert means this key can be used to certify other keys.
  • never specifies that this key will never expire.
  1. Add an encryption subkey

We will use the fingerprint of this key to create an encryption subkey.

To find the fingerprint of the key we just created, run:

gpg --list-secret-keys

Next, run the following command to create the encryption subkey, replacing $FPR with your own keys fingerprint.

gpg --quick-add-key $FPR rsa4096 encr never

In this command:

  • $FPR is the fingprint of the key we are adding the subkey to.
  • rsa4096 and encr specify that the new subkey will be an RSA encryption key with a size of 4096 bits.
  • never means this subkey will never expire.
  1. Export the secret key

Lastly we’ll export this key into an ASCII formatted file so Omni can use it.

gpg --export-secret-key --armor > certs/omni.asc
  • --armor is an option which creates the output in ASCII format. Without it, the output would be binary.

Save this file to the certs directory in our package.

Create the app.ini File

Gitea uses a configuration file named app.ini which we can use to pre-configure with the necessary information to run Gitea and bypass the intitial startup page. When we start the container, we will mount this file as a volume using Docker.

Create the app.ini file

vim gitea/app.ini

Replace the DOMAIN, SSH_DOMAIN, and ROOT_URL values with your own hostname:

APP_NAME=Gitea: Git with a cup of tea



INSTALL_LOCK=true # This is the value which tells Gitea not to run the intitial configuration wizard on start up

NOTE: If running this in a production environment, you will also want to configure the database settings for a production database. This configuration will use an internal sqlite database in the container.

Gathering Images

Next we will gather all the images needed installing Gitea, Keycloak, Omni, and the images Omni will need for creating and installing Talos.

I’ll be using the following images for the tutorial:


  • Keycloak
  • Omni
    • Contact Us if you would like the image used to deploy Omni in an airgapped, or on-prem environement.
    • pull this image to match the version of Talos you would like to use. Talos

NOTE: The Talos images needed may be found using the command talosctl images. If you do not have talosctl installed, you may find the instructions on how to install it here.

Package the images

  1. Pull the images to load them locally into Docker.
  • Run the following command for each of the images listed above except for the Omni image which will be provided to you as an archive file already.
sudo docker pull registry/repository/image-name:tag
  1. Verify all of the images have been downloaded
sudo docker image ls
  1. Save all of the images into an archive file.
  • All of the images can be saved as a single archive file which can be used to load all at once on our airgapped machine with the following command.
docker save -o image-tarfile.tar \
  list \
  of \

Here is an an example of the command used for the images in this tutuorial:

docker save -o registry/all_images.tar \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \

Move Dependencies

Now that we have all the packages necessary for the airgapped deployment of Omni, we’ll create a compressed archive file and move it to our airgapped network.

The directory structure should look like this now:

├── certs
│   ├── fullchain.pem
│   ├── omni.asc
│   └── privkey.pem
├── gitea
│   └── app.ini
├── keycloak
├── omni
└── registry
    ├── omni-image.tar # Provided to you by Sidero Labs
    └── all_images.tar

Create a compressed archive file to move to our airgap machine.

cd ../
tar czvf omni-airgap.tar.gz airgap/

Now I will use scp to move this file to my machine which does not have internet access. Use whatever method you prefer to move this file.

scp omni-airgap.tar.gz $USERNAME@$AIRGAP_MACHINE:/home/$USERNAME/

Lastly, I will log in to my airgapped machine and extract the compressed archive file in the home directory

cd ~/
tar xzvf omni-airgap.tar.gz

Log in Airgapped Machine

From here on out, the rest of the tutorial will take place from the airgapped machine we will be installing Omni, Keycloak, and Gitea on.


Gitea will be used as a container registry for storing our images, but also many other functionalities including Git, Large File Storage, and the ability to store packages for many different package types. For more information on what you can use Gitea for, visit their documentation.

Install Gitea

Load the images we moved over. This will load all the images into Docker on the airgapped machine.

docker load -i registry/omni-image.tar
docker load -i registry/all_images.tar

Run Gitea using Docker:

  • The app.ini file is already configured and mounted below with the - v argument.
sudo docker run -it \
    -v $PWD/certs/privkey.pem:/data/gitea/key.pem \
    -v $PWD/certs/fullchain.pem:/data/gitea/cert.pem \
    -v $PWD/gitea/app.ini:/data/gitea/conf/app.ini \
    -v $PWD/gitea/data/:/data/gitea/ \
    -p 3000:3000 \

You may now log in at the https://${GITEA_HOSTNAME}:3000 to begin configuring Gitea to store all the images needed for Omni and Talos.

Gitea setup

This is just the bare minimum setup to run Omni. Gitea has many additional configuration options and security measures to use in accordance with your industry’s security standards. More information on the configuration of Gitea can be found (here)[].

Create a user

Click the Register button at the top right corner. The first user created will be created as an admin and permissions which can be adjusted accordingly afterwards if you like.

Create organizations

After registering an admin user, the organizations, can be created which will act as the package repositories for storing images. Create the following organizations:

  • siderolabs
  • keycloak
  • coredns
  • etcd-development
  • registry-k8s-io-proxy

NOTE: If you are using self-signed certs and would like to push images to your local Gitea using Docker, you will also need to configure your certs.d directory as described (here)[].

Push Images to Gitea

Now that all of our organizations have been created, we can push the images we loaded into our Gitea for deploying Keycloak, Omni, and storing images used by Talos.

For all of the images loaded, we first need to tag them for our Gitea.

sudo docker tag original-image:tag gitea:3000/new-image:tag

For example, if I am tagging the kube-proxy image it will look like this:

NOTE: Don’t forget to tag all of the images from to go to the registry-k8s-io-proxy organization created in Gitea.

docker tag ${GITEA_HOSTNAME}:3000/registry-k8s-io-proxy/kube-proxy:v1.27.2

Finally, push all the images into Gitea.

docker push ${GITEA_HOSTNAME}:3000/registry-k8s-io-proxy/kube-proxy:v1.27.2


Install Keycloak

The image used for keycloak is already loaded into Gitea and there are no files to stage before starting it so I’ll run the following command to start it. Replace KEYCLOAK_HOSTNAME and GITEA_HOSTNAME with your own hostnames.

sudo docker run -it \
    -p 8080:8080 \
    -p 8443:8443 \
    -v $PWD/certs/fullchain.pem:/etc/x509/https/tls.crt \
    -v $PWD/certs/privkey.pem:/etc/x509/https/tls.key \
    -v $PWD/keycloak/data:/opt/keycloak/data \
    -e KEYCLOAK_ADMIN=admin \
    -e KC_HTTPS_CERTIFICATE_FILE=/etc/x509/https/tls.crt \
    -e KC_HTTPS_CERTIFICATE_KEY_FILE=/etc/x509/https/tls.key \
    ${GITEA_HOSTNAME}:3000/keycloak/keycloak:21.1.1 \

Once Keycloak is installed, you can reach it in your browser at `https://${KEYCLOAK_HOSTNAME}:3000

Configuring Keycloak

For details on configuring Keycloak as a SAML Identity Provider to be used with Omni, follow this guide: Configuring Keycloak SAML


With Keycloak and Gitea installed and configured, we’re ready to start up Omni and start creating and managing clusters.

Install Omni

To install Omni, first generate a UUID to pass to Omni when we start it.

export OMNI_ACCOUNT_UUID=$(uuidgen)

Next run the following command, replacing hostnames for Omni, Gitea, or Keycloak with your own.

sudo docker run \
  --net=host \
  --cap-add=NET_ADMIN \
  -v $PWD/etcd:/_out/etcd \
  -v $PWD/certs/fullchain.pem:/fullchain.pem \
  -v $PWD/certs/privkey.pem:/privkey.pem \
  -v $PWD/certs/omni.asc:/omni.asc \
  ${GITEA_HOSTNAME}:3000/siderolabs/omni:v0.12.0 \
    --account-id=${OMNI_ACCOUNT_UUID} \
    --name=omni \
    --cert=/fullchain.pem \
    --key=/privkey.pem \
    --siderolink-api-cert=/fullchain.pem \
    --siderolink-api-key=/privkey.pem \
    --private-key-source=file:///omni.asc \
    --event-sink-port=8091 \
    --bind-addr= \
    --siderolink-api-bind-addr= \
    --k8s-proxy-bind-addr= \
    --advertised-api-url=https://${OMNI_HOSTNAME}:443/ \
    --siderolink-api-advertised-url=https://${OMNI_HOSTNAME}:8090/ \
    --siderolink-wireguard-advertised-addr=${OMNI_HOSTNAME}:50180 \
    --advertised-kubernetes-proxy-url=https://${OMNI_HOSTNAME}:8100/ \
    --auth-auth0-enabled=false \
    --auth-saml-enabled \
    --talos-installer-registry=${GITEA_HOSTNAME}:3000/siderolabs/installer \
    --talos-imager-image=${GITEA_HOSTNAME}:3000/siderolabs/imager:v1.4.5 \
    --kubernetes-registry=${GITEA_HOSTNAME}:3000/siderolabs/kubelet \
    --auth-saml-url "https://${KEYCLOAK_HOSTNAME}:8443/realms/omni/protocol/saml/descriptor"

What’s going on here:

  • --auth-auth0-enabled=false tells Omni not to use Auth0.
  • --auth-saml-enabled enables SAML authentication.
  • --talos-installer-registry, --talos-imager-image and --kubernetes-registry allow you to set the default images used by Omni to point to your local repository.
  • --auth-saml-url is the URL we saved earlier in the configuration of Keycloak.
    • --auth-saml-metadata may also be used if you would like to pass it as a file instead of a URL and can be used if using self-signed certificates for Keycloak.

Creating a cluster

Guides on creating a cluster on Omni can be found here:

Because we’re working in an airgapped environment we will need the following values added to our cluster configs so they know where to pull images from. More information on the Talos MachineConfig.registries can be found here.

NOTE: In this example, cluster discovery is also disabled. You may also configure cluster discovery on your network. More information on the Discovery Service can be found here

      - https://${GITEA_HOSTNAME}:3000
      - https://${GITEA_HOSTNAME}:3000
      - https://${GITEA_HOSTNAME}:3000
      - https://${GITEA_HOSTNAME}:3000/v2/registry-k8s-io-proxy
      overridePath: true
    enabled: false

Specifics on patching machines can be found here:


With Omni, Gitea, and Keycloak set up, you are ready to start managing and installing Talos clusters on your network! The suite of applications installed in this tutorial is an example of how an airgapped environment can be set up to make the most out of the Kubernetes clusters on your network. Other container registries or authentication providers may also be used with a similar setup, but this suite was chosen to give you starting point and an example of what your environment could look like.